Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are symptoms which include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The three types of ADHD are predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactivity/impulsive and combined. Treatment usually includes behavioral therapy, medication management and psychoeducation.
ADHD is considered a neurodevelopmental disorder that develops at birth or in early childhood. The Frontal Lobes of the brain, otherwise known as the executive functioning of the brain, is the part of the brain that is affected. ADHD generally appears early in childhood, usually before school entry and it hinders the development of personal, social, academic, and/or occupational functioning. The person with ADHD will typically have difficulty with processing and retaining information or applying specific skills or sets of information. Neurodevelopmental disorders may involve dysfunction in one or more of the following: attention, memory, perception, language, problem-solving, or social interaction.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), there are 3 types:
- Predominantly inattentive
- Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive
ADHD is about twice as common in boys than girls, however, this may vary by type. The predominantly hyperactive/impulsive type occurs 2 to 9 times more frequently in boys; the predominantly inattentive type occurs with about equal frequency in both sexes. ADHD tends to be hereditary.
ADHD in Adults
Although ADHD starts in childhood, for some people it will progress into their adulthood. In these cases, the behavioral symptoms will continue to be apparent in adulthood.
In adults, symptoms include
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty completing tasks
- Mood swings
- Difficulty in maintaining relationships